Many people with type 2 diabetes do not require medical treatment to control their blood glucose levels; instead, they are encouraged to make lifestyle changes and impose self-treatment measures to treat their condition; examples of this include:
? Losing weight
? Adopting a healthy diet
? Cutting out salty, fatty and sugary foods
? Exercising on a regular basis (30 minutes 5 times per week)
If these changes are not sufficient to control blood glucose levels and the individual is still experiencing symptoms, they may be prescribed medication; at first, usually one type of medication may be prescribed but as the conditions often gets gradually worse, other medicines may be introduced and in some cases, insulin injections may be used. Examples of medication used to treat type 2 diabetes include Metformin, Sulphonylureas, Gliptins and Glitazones.
Type 1 diabetes treatment
There is no cure for diabetes but there are treatments available to control blood sugar levels and reduce symptoms. For people with type 1 diabetes, the most common treatment is the insulin injection; patients are taught how to inject themselves and inject insulin at specific times during the day; this replaces the natural insulin which should be produced by the pancreas. Some patients prefer to use insulin pumps; pumps allow patients to control the flow of the insulin and enables patients to get their insulin without having to use injections.
Diabetes increases the risk of serious health problems and conditions and it is therefore important for all patients, from people with childhood and teenage diabetes, to adults, to see their care team on a regular basis. This helps to ensure that their blood sugar levels are being controlled effectively and also means that doctors can identify early warning signs and symptoms of associated health conditions.
What happens if diabetes is left untreated?
If diabetes is left untreated, it can be very dangerous. People with diabetes have a higher risk of developing serious health conditions, including heart attacks, strokes, vision problems and kidney disease and if the condition is not controlled and monitored, it is likely that the individual will experience some of these serious conditions.
If you experience symptoms associated with diabetes, including thirst, frequent urination, weight loss and blurred vision or you have family history, you are overweight or you are over the age of 40 you should consider asking your GP for a diabetes test.